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Comprehensive Instructions For Writing A 5-Paragraph Synthesis Essay
In a synthesis essay, you should combine information from several related sources in order to present your understanding of the topic and take a firm and clear position on the issue. You will usually be required to support your own opinion with the help of facts and ideas from several different sources. You won’t have to summarize what other people say, but you will refer to their words to prove your own argument. However, argument papers are not the only types of synthesis writing. You may also be asked to do a review of the issue, critically analyzing the related sources. Or, you will just need to categorize facts from different sources to help the reader understand the topic. In both these cases, your personal opinion won’t matter.
Whichever type of synthesis writing you are to produce, the steps to be taken are quite similar. Be sure to follow these instructions to write a good 5-paragraph synthesis essay.
Read the prompt carefully.
The question in your writing assignment will clearly specify what you should write about. Consider possible ideas before researching the sources.
Read the sources.
If you are not provided with the sources that should be studied, pick two or three sources on your own. Remember that they should be related to the topic of your synthesis paper. Highlight the most important and relevant information from each source.
Create a thesis statement.
Develop a clear thesis based on the exterior research done. Present it in one complete sentence.
Develop an outline.
A rough outline will help you cover information from all sources, present ideas in the most effective order, and craft a cohesive 5-paragraph synthesis essay. By outlining in the prewriting stage, you will see the direction your paper is about to take and make some corrections to make it more organized. Your outline should include the following points:
An introduction with a thesis statement;
Three body paragraphs, providing your supporting arguments and evidence from the sources;
Write your synthesis essay according to the outline.
Start your introductory paragraph with a hook, present the issue, and state your thesis.
Give three reasons that support your thesis in the topic sentences of the separate body paragraphs. Follow them with your explanations and back them up with the information from the sources. Clearly reference all your sources so that the reader can see where the information comes from.
Summarize the evidence provided and restate your thesis in the conclusion.