Hurricane Sandy was a category 3 major hurricane that occurred from 22 October 2012 to 2 November 2012. It was the most destructive of hurricanes of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season. The hurricane affected many Caribbean countries, and parts of the United States and Canada, causing a total damage of $377 billion across all affected countries. The hurricane claimed 223 lives in total.
Hurricane Strikes the Caribbean
Depressions formed in the Caribbean Sea off the coast of Nicaragua on 22 October 2012, with maximum winds of 40 mph. On 23 October 2012 the European Centre for Medium-Range weather forecasts, stationed in the UK, correctly predicted the path of the hurricane.
As the storm swept the Caribbean, it caused considerable damage to infrastructure and took many lives. Jamaica was the first nation directly to face the wrath of the hurricane. The storm reached the island on 24 October, with winds as strong as 80 mph. The hurricane claimed two lives on the island and damage was estimated to be $100 million. The result was the same across much of the Caribbean with considerable damage caused and many lives taken. In total, the hurricane killed 74 people in the region and caused at least $315 billion.
Hurricane Sandy in the United States
The storm left the Caribbean region on October 27 and moved northwards, running parallel to the states of Georgia, South and North Carolina, however did not reach their shores. The storm then started veering towards the Mid-Atlantic States such as New York and New Jersey. State of emergency was declared in several states including New York, Maryland and New Jersey, showing the imminent danger of the storm.
On October 29 2012, hurricane Sandy reached the shore near Atlantic City, New Jersey. The storm was worsened due to the new moon that added a foot to the surge, and meteorologists said that the 14-foot surge of the storm was a new record, beating the previous surge record held by hurricane Donna in 1960. The storm topped the seawall at The Battery that led to the flooding of the New York subway, leaving 11 million commuters without service in the United States, as other commuting services were also disrupted. The storms effects were felt throughout the whole region as 7.9 million people were left without electricity, the New York stock exchange was shut for two days in succession – the instance of such an occurrence since 1888 due to the weather. The storm claimed 157 lives and caused $71 billion of damage in the United States.